Millennium Stamps Plunge New Depths of Irrelevance
Inflation Lowest for 28 Years
Motemekoane Family Suffers a Further Death in Police Custody
Two University Academic Staff Die in Shooting Incident which Kills Three
Taxi Fares Increase
Newspaper Reports Bribery
Dysentery Outbreak Results
Deadline Extended for Old Coins
Death of B. M. Khaketla
Irish Prime Minister Visits
Die in Mine Disaster; Others are Dramatically Rescued
Martial Resumes: Arrested Soldier Also Demands Trial
Police Acquire New Speed Trap
Lerato Masoabi Replaces
Thabane in IPA
Disputes Continue within BNP
Disputes Continue within BCP
Plant and Vehicle Pool
New Periodicals Appear
Free Education in Standard One
Rumours about new IEC Members
Luckless Police Remain in Gaol while Prosecutor Seeks Time to Study the Case
Police Trialists Set World Record
‘Unsafe’ Taxis Operating in
Shot Dead at Lekhaloaneng
1999 COSC Results Show
22 Die in Typhoid
Outbreak in Qacha’s Nek District
LUTARU Attacks Chairman
of University Council
New Sports Newspaper Makes its
Thaba-Bosiu Telephones Remain Cut
Basotho Hat Reopens
Dennis the Puny (Dionysius Exiguus) was less numerically
sophisticated than his contemporary Hindu mathematicians who considered zero to
be a number. As a consequence, counting Anno Domini began in the Year 1 not 0,
and the Third Millennium begins on 1 January 2001.
Nevertheless, commercial opportunism and the attraction of
round numbers have given the year 2000 a certain status as a quasi-millennial
milestone. Certainly the firm in New York which has secured the contract to
produce Lesotho’s stamps was not going to wait another year to reap profits. It
was also not concerned to take the trouble to make the stamps the slightest bit
relevant to Lesotho. As a result, the ‘millennium’ was celebrated with a total
of 45 new stamps, of which 17 were pictures of 12th century (but why the 12th
century?) persons or objects (including Easter Island statues, Barbarossa (King
of Germany) and Yoritomo (‘First’ Shogun of Japan)); and no less than 28 were
pictures of ocean-going vessels ranging from sailing schooners to the Titanic.
The stamps as usual were badly researched, introducing errors, so that the
German U-boat depicted was described as from World War I when in reality it was
from World War II. Not a single stamp had relevance to Africa, let alone
Lesotho is the only country in southern Africa which allows a
commercial enterprise to design and produce its postage stamps.
The October 1999 Consumer Price Index (which is usually
published two months in arrears) shows the inflation rate in Lesotho to have
dropped to the lowest rate since 1971.
Inflation has changed over a period of some 40 years with a
conspicuous rise to double digits fuelled by the oil price rise of 1973. Since
1993, inflation has dropped below 10% and now stands at 6.8%.
An even more spectacular decrease in inflation was recorded in
the published South African consumer price index, which fell in October 1999 to
1.7%, the same rate as in September 1968. This was achieved because of a large
decrease ( 3.0%) in the cost of housing as a result of falling interest rates, a
factor not considered in calculating the Lesotho index. The South African rate
and Lesotho rates are predicted to rise again in the near future, particularly
as a result of increased fuel costs.
A 20-year old resident of Seapoint, Maseru, Tšepo Motemekoane,
who had been arrested on Christmas Day on suspicion of theft of a mobile phone,
was found dead in the cells on the following day. He was the nephew of Peters
Motemekoane, a veteran member of the Lesotho Liberation Army, who had suffered a
similar fate five years earlier on 30 December 1994. While Peters Motemekoane
had been detained overnight in gaol and was found dead in the morning, the
police had raked his house with gunfire causing the death of several youths.
Despite promises from Government at the time, no action had in fact been taken
against the police.
Faced with a similar incident five years later, the family of
Tšepo Motemekoane, failing to get satisfaction from Queen Elizabeth II Hospital
doctors on the cause of death, approached a Professor Jan Botha from the Free
State to carry out a post-mortem. Advocate K. T. Khauoe, as reported in Moafrika
of 7 January, stated that Professor Botha had found that Tšepo Motemekoane had
died as a result of bruising caused by being beaten by a blunt instrument and by
massive internal bleeding.
Dr ’Mapitso Sekoati and Mr Polongoe Moleko, both staff members
of the National University of Lesotho’s Institute of Extra-Mural Studies, were
shot dead in the Maseru suburb of Naleli at about 6 p.m. on the evening of 3
January 2000. The gunman, Sekoati Sekoati, aged 50, who was the husband of Dr
Sekoati, and a driver for the Maluti Mountain Brewery, then shot himself dead.
The two NUL staff members were both graduates of the former
University of Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland. ’Mapitso Sekoati (née Seitlheko),
aged 48, had later studied overseas in Australia, while Polongoe Moleko, aged
50, had studied in Massachusetts in the United States. He had also for a time
been a staff member of the Lesotho Distance Teaching Centre.
Following fuel price rises, there was a general rise in fares
charged by minibus taxis throughout Lesotho in January. The Department of
Transport and Traffic originally announced the prices for implementation on 1
January 2000, but the necessary notices that taxis were required to display were
not ready, and the date of implementation was changed to 15 January.
The new fare for taxis plying between the Border Post and
parts of central Maseru went up from M1.40 to M1.80, while long distance fares
increased by an average of 20%. For example the fare between Roma and Maseru was
increased from M4.30 to M5.20. Implementation of the fares followed a somewhat
chaotic situation in the earlier part of January, when various different fares
were being demanded by some taxis. Maseru taxi owners in particular had been
coercing passengers to pay M2, instead of the M1.80 which was eventually agreed.
Allegations were reported in Public Eye of 7 January 2000 that
the Minister of Natural Resources, Monyane Moleleki, had received a bribe of
M1.9 million from the company, JCI Mining, which won the tender to re-establish
the Letšeng-la-Terae Diamond Mine. The newspaper stated, without giving names,
that the allegations are being levelled against him by fellow party members and
the opposition. Mr Moleleki is quoted as saying that the allegations are
unfounded, malicious and irresponsible. He further stated that two cabinet
ministers had assisted him to strike a good deal with the company and these had
been Dr Leketekete Ketso, former Minister of Finance, and Mr Tom Thabane,
Minister of Foreign Affairs.
An outbreak of dysentery, which had begun in November, by
January had affected several thousand people in southern Lesotho, including
adults, school age children and infants. The outbreak was blamed on heavy rains
which led to faecal contamination of water supplies.
Reports about the number of fatalities from the outbreak
varied. Some newspapers quoted a figure of 18, others a figure of 14, but
according to Public Eye of 21 January 2000, 17 persons had died in Mekaling and
10 had died in Mpharane (both in Mohale’s Hoek District). Because the outbreak
had affected a very wide area, there were likely to have been other fatalities.
The old series of coins, which were supposed to be no longer
legal tender after 31 December 1999 had their life extended by the Central Bank
until 31 March 2000. Those being phased out were the 5s, 10s, 25s, 50s and M1
coins, each being replaced by a newer and smaller coin, with the 25s coin being
replaced by a 20s coin. The future of the 1s and 2s coins was not clearly
stated. There were no new ones to replace them, and they now served little
practical use, being worth as a result of inflation respectively about 0.1p and
0.2p in sterling or 0.16c and 0.32c in US currency. It was notable however that
South Africa had not yet phased out its corresponding 1c and 2c coins. As a
result of 10% Sales Tax in Lesotho and 14% VAT in South Africa most shopping
bills did not come to a multiple of 10 cents or 10 lisente, so that the very
small denomination coins were still needed to pay the arithmetically correct sum
demanded at the till.
A distinguished political and literary figure, Senator Bennett
Makalo Khaketla, died in Maseru on 9 January 2000, after suffering from stomach
cancer for several months.
Khaketla was born in 1913 at Makhalong, near the town of
Qacha’s Nek, which was then little more than a village. He first went to school
at Souru near Qacha’s Nek in 1924, transferring shortly afterwards to Ha
Ramohlakoana near Matatiele (the nearest South African town to Qacha’s Nek),
where he passed Standard VI in 1929. He proceeded to Mariazell (also nearby in
South Africa), where he obtained his Primary Teacher’s Certificate in 1932.
After a short spell seeking work in Durban, from 1933 to 1939 he taught at St
Patrick’s Anglican School in Bloemfontein. He held a number of different
clerical and teaching posts in South Africa and Lesotho (Heilbron, Eagle’s Peak,
Mohale’s Hoek, Ficksburg, Middelburg, Kroonstad) before being engaged to teach
at Basutoland High School in 1946.
During his teaching career, he studied privately for the
Junior Certificate, Matriculation Certificate and then a BA degree in Politics
and Sesotho, which he completed with the University of South Africa in 1942. In
1946, he married Caroline Ntšeliseng Ramolahloane, the first Mosotho woman
graduate. Five years younger than Khaketla, she had graduated from Fort Hare in
1940, and had been a teacher at Basutoland High School since 1943.
Not long after his second return to Lesotho in 1946, he had
his first taste of politics as a member of the Maseru District Council and the
Basutoland National Council. He was offered and accepted the principalship of
Charterston High School in Nigel near Johannesburg in 1951, but stayed there
only a short while before returning to Basutoland High School in 1952.
Khaketla’s literary career began with as co-editor with
Cyprian Thorpe of the Anglican Church magazine, Paki ea Kereke (later simply
named Paki) from 1949 until 1952. By this time he had completed his first novel,
Meokho ea Thabo (‘Tears of joy’) which was published in 1951, and had as central
character a teacher, Moeketsi, who like Khaketla himself, trained at the
Thereafter there was a flurry of literary activity, including
the play Tholoana tsa sethepu (‘The fruits of polygamy’) published in 1954,
followed shortly by a sequel, Bulane, which takes its name from the chief who is
central to the action of the play. (In the 1990s, these plays were made into
SABC television serials by Mmula Productions, using the Basotho Cultural Village
in Qwaqwa as a setting.)
In 1954, Khaketla had also published a historical play,
Moshoeshoe le baruti (‘Moshoeshoe and the missionaries’) and a book of Sesotho
poetry, Lipshamathe (‘Literary morsels’). This included elegies on the sinking
of the World War II troopship Erinpura and on the death of close relatives, as
well as poems of great moral indignation and feeling, such as one that he had
composed many years earlier about the Italian occupation of Ethiopia. Another
novel which appeared in 1960 was Mosali a nkhola (‘My wife has brought a
disaster upon me’) which is about chieftainship and medicine murder. There were
also textbooks on Sesotho language and grammar such as Sebopeho sa Sesotho
(1951) and Thapholiso ea Sesotho (1958).
In September 1954, Khaketla became editor of Lesotho’s first
political periodical, Mohlabani (‘The Warrior’). It was a joint enterprise
between himself and two other teachers at Basutoland High School, Ntsu Mokhehle
and Zeph Mothopeng, one of whom was later to become Lesotho Prime Minister and
the other leader of the South African Pan Africanist Congress. In parallel
columns, Mohlabani contained elegant but hard-hitting prose in English and
Sesotho, which dared to challenge the authority and complacency of the colonial
authorities. An article ‘Basutoland: a white man’s paradise’ in the January 1955
issue particularly annoyed the colonial administration. The three teachers at
Basutoland High School associated with Mohlabani were warned that they would
lose their jobs if they continued to be associated with the newspaper. They
ignored the warning and were duly dismissed in March 1955 with further orders
that they must leave the Maseru Reserve (urban area) within 48 hours.
If the colonial administration thought that Mohlabani would
now cease publication, it was mistaken. The first three issues had been a
mimeographed publication, produced at Riverside Farm with the help of Patrick
Duncan, a former Basutoland colonial administrator, who became a South African
political activist. From March 1955 it was properly printed in Cape Town, and
appeared more or less monthly under Khaketla’s editorship continuing to
represent the views of the Basutoland African Congress (Basutoland Congress
Party from 1958) until Khaketla (who was Deputy Leader of the BCP 1959-60)
quarrelled with Ntsu Mokhehle. They were at one time close friends and Mokhehle
called Khaketla ‘Oom Shell’, a play on the meaning of his Sesotho name, while
Khaketla called Mokhehle ‘Clem’. However at the 1960 Party Conference, Mokhehle
made a veiled attack on Khaketla, whose urbane manners and lifestyle (Khaketla
always travelled with sheets, others only with blankets) had increasingly
offended his belief that the party leaders should not adopt the lifestyle of the
colonisers. The day following the final public meeting of the Party Conference,
Khaketla submitted his resignation from the party in writing.
In 1961, along with other former BCP colleagues, Khaketla
formed the Basutoland Freedom Party. After a political merger, he revived
Mohlabani in 1963 as the paper of the Marematlou Freedom Party (MFP), a party
which was generally perceived as closely supporting the monarchy.
In the meantime, the British administration had allowed
constitutional advancement so that a largely elected Legislative Council was
created in 1960. Within this Council, Khaketla was elected MLC for Maseru by an
overwhelming majority, and he also became the ‘Member Responsible for
Education’, de facto Lesotho’s first Minister of Education. He was also the
Chairman of the First Council of the University of Basutoland, Bechuanaland
Protectorate and Swaziland which was created in 1964 from the former Pius XII
The MFP secured only 4 seats out of 60 in the Parliament of
1965, and subsequently dwindled as a political force. Khaketla had stood for the
Maseru Constituency, but was defeated by the BCP candidate. He was Privy
Councillor to King Moshoeshoe II from 1965 to 1970.
In January 1970, the BCP won the General Election, but the
change of Government was forestalled by a coup. Khaketla was amongst opposition
members arrested and also subjected to house arrest. It provided him with the
impetus and opportunity to write the book Lesotho 1970: an African coup under
the microscope (1971), the manuscript of which was smuggled out of Lesotho so
that it could be published overseas. The book documents the sorry tale of
Lesotho’s loss of democracy and the excesses of the new regime. It has long been
out of print and has never been translated into Sesotho.
From 1971 to 1985, Khaketla was an active member of a team
which worked on a new translation of the Bible. Bibele: phetolelo e ncha finally
appeared in 1989, published by the Bible Society of South Africa.
Meanwhile, the regime of Leabua Jonathan had been overthrown
in 1986 by a military coup, and Khaketla, who had been arrested following a
visit to Pretoria immediately before the coup, accepted an invitation from the
King and served for a short time in the new Council of Ministers as Minister of
Justice and Prisons.
With the return to democracy, the MFP fought the 1993 General
Election, but without success. Khaketla was defeated by Ntsu Mokhehle in the
Qoaling constituency by a large majority, and the BNP candidate came second.
Following the election, Khaketla was made a Member of the Council of State.
In 1996, the degree of Doctor of Literature, honoris causa,
was conferred on Khaketla by the National University of Lesotho, and after the
1998 General Election, he was appointed a member of the Senate of the Lesotho
Bennett Makalo Khaketla was buried at Kokobela Cemetery,
Maseru West, on Friday 14 January 2000. He is survived by his wife, ’Masechele,
who is a leading educationist and author in her own right and who was also
awarded the degree of Doctor of Literature, honoris causa, by the National
University of Lesotho in 1983. He is also survived by three sons (Sechele,
Motloheloa and Maieane), a daughter (Dr ’Mamphono Khaketla (Mrs ’Mefane)) and
An Taoiseach (the Prime Minister) of Ireland, Bertie Ahern,
visited Lesotho briefly in the second week of January, a visit which included a
visit to Thaba-Tseka, and also enabled him to be present for the opening on 10
January of the new Irish Consulate in Maseru.
The Irish Government has currently pledged M50 million in aid
to Lesotho, and amongst areas supported are rural water supply, access roads in
remote areas, rural footbridges, and support to health including TB control,
hospital laboratories and the National Health Training Centre. Notable earlier
Irish funded projects have been the Centre for Accounting Studies and the
Basotho Pony project.
A rockfall on Monday 10 January in a mine at Orkney in Gauteng
Province of South Africa resulted in 15 miners being trapped, of whom 8 were
from Lesotho. After 30 hours, contact was made with eight of the trapped miners,
and a tube was pushed through the rockfall providing them with air and water.
Conditions were so difficult that it took another 48 hours before they could be
rescued. Five of their seven colleagues had been killed in the rockfall, and the
two others had died from injuries before they could be rescued. Of the Basotho
miners, six survived and two (one each from Butha-Buthe and Mohale’s Hoek) died
in the accident.
The Court Martial in which 38 soldiers are being charged with
mutiny resumed on 17 January after a recess of over a month. It was now over a
year since it was first convened on 4 January 1999, and the soldiers had in the
meantime been confined to the Maximum Security Prison.
One occupant of the prison, however, had not even had the
luxury of being put on trial. He was Private Hosana Sako, who had been held
without trial for almost a year, having been arrested somewhat later than the
other soldiers. According to Mopheme of 25 January 2000, lawyers acting on
Sako’s behalf brought the matter of Sako’s detention without trial before the
High Court, as a result of which a Court Order was issued requiring a Court
Martial to be convened to try him within 14 days following 21 January 2000. The
respondents in the case were Sako’s commanding officer, the Commander of the
Defence Force and the Attorney-General and they were ordered to pay the costs.
According to a report in Mopheme of 18 January 2000, the
Lesotho Mounted Police Service has acquired ‘PRO Laser III Infra-red Cidar
System’ equipment which will enable it to make both a video record and
simultaneous speed record of vehicles exceeding speed limits. Lesotho has the
lowest speed limits in southern Africa, and probably at the same time the least
observed speed limits. The urban speed limit is 50 km/h while the speed limit
elsewhere is 80 km/h. Minibus taxis, however, commonly cruise on main roads at
speeds between 100 and 120 km/h.
Lerato Masoabi, who was until recently editor of the LCD
newspaper Mololi was on 21 January sworn in as one of the two LCD
representatives on the Interim Political Authority. He replaces the Foreign
Minister, Tom Thabane, whose other activities have prevented him from giving
time to the IPA.
The former leader of the Youth Wing of the Basotho National
Party, Thesele ’Maseribane, was suspended from the party by the party leader,
Justin Metsing Lekhanya, just three days before the party’s youth conference.
This led to an attack on the BNP office by a ‘gang’ of about 40 youngsters on
Tuesday 18 January. Public Eye of 21 January 2000 quoted a BNP secretary,
’Masemisi Motšepe, who said that during the incident: ‘I was at the end of my
wits with fear when they surrounded me and suddenly started ripping off my
clothes and tried to snatch the keys from my hands’.
A number of incidents followed which were reported in Mopheme
of 1 February 2000. A youth from Pulane supporting the ’Maseribane faction was
kidnapped and assaulted on Sunday 23 January, and Tefo Koetle who was accused of
the kidnapping was involved in a shooting incident at the BNP Centre on the
following Wednesday in which three rounds were fired at Thesele ’Maseribane but
Meanwhile 19 members of the BNP including Thesele ’Maseribane
and Mamello Morrison were served with High Court Orders following an action
brought in the High Court by the Party Leader, Justin Metsing Lekhanya. It was
alleged that they had been harassing tenants at the BNP Centre, the larger part
of which is leased out as shop and office space. The reality had been that the
numerous members of the youth league had camped at the BNP Centre (‘Leabua
Square’) for several days after arriving in Maseru on finding that their meeting
had been cancelled and ’Maseribane suspended. During their occupation of the
Centre, they held meetings at one of which they passed a vote of no confidence
in Lekhanya. The general atmosphere had made normal business life at the Centre
impossible. Indeed, they had even taken to assaulting people, such as Afrika
Molungoa, editor of the Mohahlaula newspaper, who (according to The Mirror of 28
January) had unwisely asked the youth whether they were being paid by the LCD to
ensure that the Setlamo Alliance (BNP, BCP, MFP etc) loses the next election.
Reconciliation between the opposing factions within the party
remained elusive. Archbishop Mohlalisi offered his house as venue for a meeting
on 23 February over which Bishop Khoarai would preside to try to bring the sides
together. The fact that the BNP has always been considered as the party closest
to the Catholic Church prompted this move. However, the party leader, Metsing
Lekhanya failed to turn up at the meeting. Meanwhile insults were traded.
Mamello Morrison, as quoted in The Mirror of 3 March chided Lekhanya for
snubbing a Bishop, while the BNP Secretary-General on Lekhanya’s side spoke
about the other faction as ‘abusive kids’.
Mamello Morrison was meanwhile travelling with other baggage.
She remained a salaried member of the Interim Political Authority, but not as a
member of the BNP (nor indeed the MFP, which she had once staunchly supported)
but as a representative of the Lesotho Education Party, which had received just
92 votes nation wide in the May 1998 general election. Although Thabo Pitso (who
is the LEP leader and the party’s other IPA representative) had sought to
replace her, she had refused to vacate her seat, and had launched a tirade
against him, with allegations that she had been ‘sold like a cow in a public
auction’ (The Mirror, 3 March 2000). This seemed to relate to an allegation that
Pitso had been given M10000 if he would nominate Morrison for an LEP seat on the
IPA. In defending her decision not to vacate the LEP seat, Morrison challenged
LEP procedures. Pitso had told her that the party does not have an executive
committee, but she had now purportedly been dismissed following the advice of an
LEP executive committee.
[Thabo Pitso, Leader of the Lesotho Education Party, is a
quite different person from his namesake, the veteran educationist, Thabo Pitso,
who is a former Principal of Morija Training College, and also a writer and
The other main opposition party, the Basutoland Congress Party
was also riven with internal disputes. A High Court ruling by Judge Tšeliso
Monaphathi on Monday 17 January 2000 declared that the 25 September 1999 Special
Conference called by the Leader of the Party, Molapo Qhobela, had been convened
in breach of the party’s constitution and was null and void. The rival
‘six-pack’ group held its own National Conference on 22 January 2000, and
elected a new National Executive Committee without Molapo Qhobela, who did not
attend. Indeed his membership was said to have lapsed because he had not renewed
his membership by the deadline of 30 November 1999.
The Executive Committee elected on 22 January 1999 is led by
Tšeliso Makhakhe, with Deputy Leader, Sekoala Toloane; Chairman, Thulo Mahlakeng;
General Secretary, Sekoala Machali; and Treasurer, Molomo Malebanye.
Meanwhile, the party paper, Makatolle, which supported the
Qhobela faction, failed to come out after December. However, the newspaper
Mohahlaula generally supports the Qhobela faction, while Moafrika, previously an
ardent supporter of this faction, was now showing signs of changing allegiance.
Its headline of 28 January 2000 was BCP e fetoloa terakone/kokoana ka ho e etsa
lihlooho tse peli (The BCP is being changed into a dragon monster by its
developing two heads).
The Plant and Vehicle Pool Service (PVPS), the branch of
Government responsible for the government’s transport fleet, was privatised as a
result of an agreement signed on 26 January 2000 with Imperial Fleet Services, a
part of the Imperial Group. The Director of the Privatisation Unit, Mothusi
Mashologu, as quoted in Private Eye of 28 January, stated that the plan to
restructure PVPS was defined after government had ‘received a forensic audit
report that revealed shocking inefficiencies in the operations of the plant and
mismanagement as well as waste of government’s resources and assets’.
Under the agreement worth M80 million, Imperial holds 80% of
the shares in the service, while 20% are held for sale to Basotho. Imperial
acquires vehicles, equipment and existing stock as well as rights of rental at
six PVPS garages in Maseru, Hlotse, Mohale’s Hoek, Mphaki, Thaba-Tseka and
Qacha’s Nek. The three-year agreement binds Imperial Fleet Services to outsource
30% of the services to Basotho in the transport industry. Direct management and
control of the vehicles still remains, however, with user ministries and
departments as if the vehicles are still owned by government.
A new monthly 8-page A4 Sesotho newspaper Mesikong ea Thaba
Machache (‘In the foothills of Mount Machache’) appeared in January 2000. It is
apparently a brainchild of members of the Lesotho Youth Federation. Stories
covered include the King’s impending marriage and extensive space is given to
obituaries. More than 30% of the total news is devoted to football.
A very different 20-page A4 periodical is The Storm, which
first appeared in December, and appears to be likely to appear once in two
months. Two young people, Tsebo Matšasa and Pholo Letsosa are respectively the
Editorial Manager and Administration Manager, and the titles of the articles in
the first issue give some indication of the fare: Sex Boost (about traditional
aphrodisiacs); Caring for Your Hands and Feet; Sex Trade Continues in Maseru;
Beat Stress Now; Wedding of the Season (about former footballer, Moorosi Matela);
Getting Set for Miss Lesotho; Father of My Child; Lesotho Gay’s Organisation on
the Rise; and Showbizz [sic] Giant in Politics (about Masitise Seleso, Leader of
the newly formed Social Democratic Party).
The introduction of free education in Standard One became in
January a topic much discussed by teachers, parents and the press.
In a headline Ke eo ntlo ea ’mamasianoke (‘This is the
hamerkop’s nest’), the Catholic Church paper, Moeletsi oa Basotho of 30 January
2000 reported on a meeting on 19 January of parents, teachers and Ministry of
Education Staff held at Mazenod. Amongst developments promised were that the
Ministry would be supplying M2 per child for school lunches and that tents would
be used in place of classrooms when needed. Less acceptable was the requirement
that teachers might have to teach two sittings of pupils, one in the morning and
one in the afternoon without additional payment. It appeared that embarking on
free primary education was as difficult as entering a hamerkop’s nest: it was
large and visible, but the way to go in was so disguised that successful entry
was well nigh impossible.
Expanding on its avian theme, Moeletsi on page 2 of the same
issue had a headline Nthoena ke maholi a patile maeba (‘This thing is just pied
starlings hiding the pigeons’) referring to the Sesotho proverb which derives
from the fact that pied starlings (largely insectivorous and therefore harmless)
are often visible when rock pigeons are wreaking havoc hidden amongst the crops.
The writer of this article, ‘Chefane’, makes reference to the fact that the
Lesotho Government owns only two of the 1300 primary schools in the country
(while 6 others are under Government control), and that what was happening was
continuing the process of the Education Act 1995 in which schools were being
removed from church control and teachers no longer able to choose where they
Elsewhere in Lesotho, all sorts of problems were arising. Some
schoolteachers even reported that children who had already passed Standards Two
to Four were being returned by their parents to Standard One (not necessarily in
the same school), so that they could benefit from the free education not only
this school year, but as promised in future years.
According to Moafrika of 28 January 2000, the new Independent
Electoral Commission will have as members Leshele Thoahlane, ’Mamosebi Pholo and
Abel Leshele Thoahlane, who will head the commission, is both
a lawyer and economist by training. During the period of military rule, he was
for a time Minister of Finance & Planning, having replaced E. R. Sekhonyana in
that post. ’Mamosebi Pholo, also a lawyer, has most recently been Chief
Executive of the Water and Sewerage Authority. Mokhele Likate is a former
Registrar of the National University of Lesotho, after which he has been in
business for a number of years.
The previous Commission, which had conducted the 1998
election, had also been headed by a lawyer, Sekara Mafisa. The three members
were given a farewell party and terminal benefits in February 2000. Although
there was no evidence to suggest that they had done other than a good job under
difficult circumstances, the majority of the political parties had looked for a
scapegoat for their own lack of success and had regarded their continued
employment as members of the IEC as unacceptable.
The 31 police who had been held in gaol since their arrest
shortly after the police rebellion in February 1997 seemed likely to be destined
for another lengthy period before judgment in their case was given.
The expatriate Director of Public Prosecutions who was leading
the case on behalf of the Crown retired with effect from 31 December 1999, and
when the court reconvened after the Christmas recess on 17 January 2000, the new
DPP, Thakamatona Thetsane, asked for time to study the case. This was despite
the fact that it had been long known that his predecessor, Sipho Mdluli, was
leaving, which ought to have given him time to prepare to take over immediately.
The trial judge, Mr Baptista Molai, granted the new DPP’s application, and
adjourned the case until 20 March 2000. Meanwhile the 31 police remained in gaol,
bail not having been granted during the whole of the case.
When the trial did resume on 20 March, it was not the DPP who
had taken over the case, but a newly hired South African lawyer, Advocate Roland
Suhr, who appeared on behalf of the DPP.
The length of trial of those involved in the police rebellion
has set a world record. Most of the accused had been arrested on 16 February
1997 and had been formally charged in the Magistrate’s Court on 27 April 1997,
the charges being High Treason, Sedition and Contravention of the Internal
Security Act. The case had been transferred to the High Court where the same
formal charges were made against them at the opening of the case on 24 November
1997. By February 1998, the defence lawyer had already been complaining about
the long detention and that ‘justice delayed is justice denied’. At the time few
could have imagined that two years later the trial would still not have been
According to the Guinness Book of Records, the world’s longest
criminal trial lasted from 30 November 1992 to 29 November 1994 in Hong Kong.
The High Court then sat for 398 days to hear charges against 14 South Vietnamese
boat people accused of murdering 24 North Vietnamese adults and children who
died in a blazing hut during a riot at a refugee camp in Hong Kong in February
1992. The defendants were eventually acquitted, although some were convicted on
Lesotho’s previous entries in the Guinness Book of Records
related to its being the country with the highest lowest point and also for its
being the place of discovery of the world’s earliest mammal, Megazostrodon. The
second record had subsequently been lost to elsewhere, but the highest lowest
point record still stands. It no longer appears in the GBR, however, because the
GBR varies its content each year in order to attract people to buy each new
The 731 day record of the Hong Kong trial was passed by the
Lesotho trial on 25 November 1999. This could mean an entry in the GBR, although
many would probably prefer Lesotho to be known for other more pleasant reasons.
The trial of the 31 police is before Mr Justice Molai, who is
aged 66 (the compulsory retirement age for judges in Lesotho is 75 (The
Constitution of Lesotho §121(8))). If for some reason he were unable to complete
the hearing or unable to deliver the judgment, the consequence could be a second
trial of similar length, an outcome which would surely be in no-one’s interest.
A report in the Mail & Guardian of 4 February 2000 looked at
the minibus taxi industry in southern Africa, where there are 120000 such
15-seater vehicles in South Africa alone, most of them manufactured by Toyota in
South Africa, where special axles had been developed to accommodate the heavy
passenger loads. However, minibus taxis still had an appalling accident rate
(over 2000 deaths per year), and South Africa was taking steps to have the whole
fleet replaced with either 18 or 35 seater vehicles which were considered safer.
The same report revealed that some 15000 similar vehicles were
being imported annually direct from Japan by private syndicates mainly operating
out of Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland. These vehicles were designed in Japan
for transporting families, and were not designed for high axle loads. They were
being bought in Japan when three or four years old at rock bottom prices and
exported to southern Africa, where many of them found their way illegally into
South Africa, as minibus taxis, even though they did not reach South African
If the facts in the report are true, it would imply that many,
if not most, of Lesotho minibus taxis fall short of South African safety
standards, and that the importers are making profits at the expense of many
additional lives being lost in minibus taxi accidents.
A Chinese businessman, Wu Xiu Vu, was shot dead on Friday 4
February, at his supermarket at Lekhaloaneng, which is close to Maseru on the
Mafeteng road. The armed robbers stole a cash register, a cellular phone and the
firearm of the supermarket’s security guard.
All Chinese owned businesses in Maseru were closed on 9
February as a token of respect to the late Mr Wu. His death is one of a series
of similar incidents over the past year when Chinese businessmen had been killed
in robberies in both Maseru and Maputsoe, while in Mohale’s Hoek, there had been
an incident where a Chinese couple were stabbed but not killed.
The 1999 Cambridge Overseas School Certificate results were
released by the Examinations Council of Lesotho on 8 February 2000. There was a
significant improvement in the results compared with 1998. However, the
proportion of First Class passes was lower than in some recent years.
Examination of the detailed lists shows that this was because of a poor
performance in English, a credit in which is needed for a First Class Pass. Only
4% of candidates obtained a credit in English, but even this was better than the
1998 English performance which had contributed to the lowest ever proportion of
COSC First Class passes. 7% of candidates obtained a credit in Mathematics.
Overall, the proportion of candidates obtaining a Certificate
(First, Second or Third Class) was 44.2% and the best since 1973. In recent
years, there have been considerable fluctuations in the results, the
explanations for which can often be found in national events. For example the
drop in 1995 followed a prolonged teachers’ strike, and while there was a
recovery in the following two years, there was again a drop in 1998 following
civil unrest in the latter part of the year, the very time when pupils would
normally be preparing for examinations.
The 1999 results show an enormous variation between the
performance of candidates in different schools, suggesting that only a fraction
of the potential of pupils is being brought out by the teachers in most schools.
For example in two schools 100% of pupils obtained Schools Certificates. These
two schools proved that 100% success can be achieved both in the Lowlands and
the Maloti, because they were Sacred Heart High School at St Monica in the
Lowlands of Leribe District and St James High School at Rafolatsane in
Mokhotlong District. Other schools which returned excellent performances are St
Stephen’s High School, Mohale’s Hoek (98.8% School Certificate pass), St Mary’s
High School (93.9%) and Tšakholo High School (92.1%). At the other end of the
list of 124 Examination Centres were four institutions which describe themselves
as high schools, although between them they did not have a single pupil who
obtained a School Certificate. Two of these schools have been in existence for
over a quarter of a century. One of them is Peka High School, one of the six
oldest high schools in Lesotho. In the mid-1960s it was well known for obtaining
the best COSC performances in Lesotho.
In 1999, for the first time since 1976, there has been a drop
in the number of COSC candidates (from 5992 in 1998 to 5648 in 1999). In 1976
the drop followed a bulge which had been moving through the secondary school
system since 1971, when there was a double promotion into secondary schools in
order to shorten primary education from eight to seven years. This had led to a
tremendous drop in standards, in part because a large number of primary teachers
were employed in secondary schools to teach subject matter they were unfamiliar
with, but also because of the politics of the time which had led to the arrest
of many secondary school teachers, while others had gone into exile.
This time the drop in numbers must be ascribed to other
causes. One may be the increasing numbers of Basotho attending secondary and
high schools in South Africa. Also in 1999, the economic downturn following the
unrest of 1998 has certainly resulted in more and more families finding it
difficult to find the fees for high school education. However, which is the
dominant cause is far from clear.
News reached Maseru and was broadcast over Radio Lesotho on 17
February of a typhoid outbreak at Libobeng in the north of Qacha’s Nek District,
which had claimed at least 22 lives since December, including 11 children.
Libobeng is a valley on the remote right bank of the Senqu where there are no
roads. The nearest village health centres served by the flying doctor are also
at a considerable distance.
In a statement that was published on notice boards at the
University and also appeared in the press, the Lesotho University Teachers’ and
Researchers’ Union (LUTARU) on 10 February attacked the Chairman of the
University Council. The statement was a follow-up on its earlier demands to have
the Vice-Chancellor of the University, Professor R. I. Moletsane, dismissed. It
accused the Chairman of Council, Moletsane Monyake, of ignoring LUTARU’s
previous demand, and planning to ensure that the Vice-Chancellor’s contract was
renewed when it expired in a year’s time. Amongst accusations against Mr Monyake
were one of nepotism, because of his family relationship to the Vice-Chancellor.
In its issue of 20 February 2000, the newspaper Moeletsi oa
Basotho, published a Sesotho version of the LUTARU statement and also published
pictures of ’Maletsema Secondary School at the Vice-Chancellor’s village of
Liphiring, the construction of which was claimed to have been aided by NUL
funds. It also mentioned the pending case in which the Vice-Chancellor was suing
LUTARU, Moeletsi oa Basotho and Radio Lesotho for M500000 damages for
A new tabloid Sesotho newspaper, Selemela (‘The Pleiades’),
made its appearance on 11 February 2000. Its name continues the tradition of
naming newspapers after heavenly bodies. The editor is the veteran writer and
journalist, A.B.Thoahlane, who until the previous November had been editor of
Lesotho’s oldest church newspaper, Leselinyana la Lesotho. The first issue of
Selemela is 8 pages of tabloid, and its editorial claims it is the first Lesotho
newspaper to cover sport at length. However, memories are short because there
was a similar Sesotho weekly newspaper Tsa Lipapali, which lasted for just over
two years from February 1990 to February 1992.
The sponsors of the new newspaper are the M K group of
companies which has interests in the Lesotho clothing and construction
industries and also owns the Wool Wagon shop in Maseru which serves as the
newspaper’s distribution office. The first issue devotes more than half of its
copy to football, but also has news stories on tae kwon do, volleyball and
The telephone line to Thaba-Bosiu which had been already out
of order throughout 1999, has now virtually disappeared. Thaba-Bosiu will
apparently be without telephones for the conceivable future.
Installation of microwave links and fibre optic cables has
made certain of Lesotho’s long distance telephone lines redundant, and these
have been allowed to fall into disuse. Instead of recovering the wire and poles
and selling them for scrap, however, the Lesotho Telecommunications Corporation,
for reasons best known to itself, left the wires in place. Thieves discovered
that they could help themselves to wire from these lines with impunity. Having
exhausted the redundant lines, the thieves then turned to other sources of
income, namely lines still in service. The Thaba-Bosiu line was cut and mined
for wire and by early 2000 it had been stripped of wire throughout its length.
The matter has economic implications. Amongst facilities at
Thaba-Bosiu are a Tourist Information Office, a Hotel (Mmelesi Lodge), a High
School, the Blue Cross Centre for Rehabilitating Alcoholics, and a Post Office.
A ‘Basotho Cultural Village’ for Thaba-Bosiu is also being constructed All of
these are now only accessible using cell phones, which have numbers quite
different from those in the Lesotho Telephone Directory. Interestingly, the
largest house in Thaba-Bosiu is a modern mansion belonging to Mr Andy Moqhali,
the Chief Executive of VCL, Lesotho’s cellular telephone company. The lack of a
fixed line is presumably not a serious matter in his case, unless he wants
The Basotho Hat, which was completely burned during the riots
of September 1998, reopened for business in February 2000. Operations had
continued during the interim in the nearby Basotho Shield, which had escaped the
attention of the rioters. The cost of the reconstruction was borne by the
Lesotho Government which allocated the sum of M3900000 for the work during the
1999/2000 financial year.